Justification for Implementing Victim-Offender Mediation in the Criminal Justice System of Ghana.

Enoch Amoah

Issue: Vol.1  No.5 September 2020  Article 1 pp. 118-130
DOI : https://doi.org/10.38159/ehass.2020091   |   Published online 7th September 2020.
© 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CCBY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


This study seeks to ascertain whether there are justifications for implementing Victim Offender Mediation (VOM) – a key Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) process capable of solving the shortcomings of the Criminal Justice Systems of Ghana. Doctrinal approach to legal research was deployed using qualitative research method in perusing and analysing provisions of the Courts Act 1993 Alternative Dispute Resolution Act 2010, Children’s Act 1998, Domestic Violence Act 2007 and Juvenile Justice Act 2003. It also analysed literature on the use of ADR processes in criminal matters. It was found that the selected enactments with the exception of Domestic Violence Act 2007 provided justifications for implementing VOM in Ghana. The research also reveals that only offences in the categories of misdemeanor which are not aggravated in degree and offences regarded as minor offences can be referred for settlement by VOM. Further, criminal cases involving matters of public interest and those affecting the environment could not be resolved using VOM. It is recommended that the courts should take advantage of these findings to implement the use of VOM in resolving criminal cases in Ghana; the Judicial service should liaise with experts in VOM to provide training to judges and other stakeholders to enhance their capacities to implement VOM models in Ghana; and there should be sensitization of the public on the mechanics of VOM in resolving criminal cases so that a court will not appear to its audience as compromising the criminal justice system when it refers criminal cases for settlement by VOM.

Keywords: Victim Offender Mediation, justification, implementation

Constitution and Statutes
The 1992 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana.
Alternative Dispute Resolution Act 2010 (Act 798).
Children’s Act 1998 (Act 560).
Courts Act 1993 (Act 459).
Criminal Offences Act 1960 (Act 29).
Juvenile Justice Act 2007 (Act 732).

Eric Asante v. The Republic, CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. J3/7/2013 (SC, 2017).
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Enoch Kwabena Amoah Esq., is an Assistant Lecturer at the Faculty of Law of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana and Adjunct Lecturer at the Faculty of Law of Wisconsin International University College, Feyiase, Ghana. He holds a Master of Laws degree and is also a Barrister and Solicitor of Law in the Republic of Ghana. He is an associate of Minkah-Premo & Co. legal firm in Kumasi, Ghana and a Chief of Ekumfi Akwakrom in the Central Region of the Republic of Ghana with stool name NANA AKWA III.
Email: enochkamoah@yahoo.com

Amoah, Enoch, “Justification for Implementing Victim-Offender Mediation in the Criminal Justice System of Ghana.” E-Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 1, no.5 (2020): 117-130 https://doi.org/10.38159/ehass.2020091

© 2020 The Author(s). Published and Maintained by Noyam Publishers. This is an open access article under the CCBY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).