Abid Azhar, Kaukab, and Nayab Iqbal. “Effectiveness of Google Classroom: Teachers Perception.” Prizren Social Science Journal 2, no. 2 (2018): 1–16.
Adarkwah, Michael Agyemang. “An Outbreak of Online Learning in the COVID-19 Outbreak in Sub-Saharan Africa: Prospects and Challenges.” Online Submission 21, no. 2 (2021): 1–10.
Attard, Catherine, and Kathryn Holmes. “An Exploration of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Blended Learning in Four Secondary Mathematics Classrooms.” Mathematics Education Research Journal, November 10, 2020, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13394-020-00359-2.
Barrot, Jessie S., Ian I. Llenares, and Leo S. del Rosario. “Students’ Online Learning Challenges during the Pandemic and How They Cope with Them: The Case of the Philippines.” Education and Information Technologies 26, no. 6 (November 28, 2021): 7321–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-021-10589-x.
Cohen, Louis, Lawrence Manion, and Keith Morrison. “Surveys, Longitudinal, Cross-Sectional and Trend Studies.” In Research Methods in Education, 334–60. New York: Routledge, 2017. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315456539-17.
Corbin, Juliet, and Anselm Strauss. Basics of Qualitative Research (3rd Ed.): Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks California 91320 United States : SAGE Publications, Inc., 2008. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452230153.
Day, Terence, I-Chun Catherine Chang, Calvin King Lam Chung, William E. Doolittle, Jacqueline Housel, and Paul N. McDaniel. “The Immediate Impact of COVID-19 on Postsecondary Teaching and Learning.” The Professional Geographer 73, no. 1 (January 2, 2021): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/00330124.2020.1823864.
Fraillon, Julian, John Ainley, Wolfram Schulz, Tim Friedman, and Eveline Gebhardt. Preparing for Life in a Digital Age. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14222-7.
Garrison, D. Randy, and J.B. Arbaugh. “Researching the Community of Inquiry Framework: Review, Issues, and Future Directions.” The Internet and Higher Education 10, no. 3 (January 2007): 157–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2007.04.001.
Gibson, Kerry. “Bridging the Digital Divide: Reflections on Using WhatsApp Instant Messenger Interviews in Youth Research.” Qualitative Research in Psychology 19, no. 3 (July 3, 2022): 611–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2020.1751902.
Global Education Monitoring Report. Global Education Monitoring Report, 2020: Inclusion and Education: All Means All. Global Education Monitoring Report 2020: Inclusion and Education: All Means All. UNESCO, 2020. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000373718.
Jaradat, Suhair, and Aseel Ajlouni. “Undergraduates’ Perspectives and Challenges of Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case from the University of Jordan.” Journal of Social Studies Education Research 12, no. 1 (2021): 149–73. www.jsser.org.
John, Creswell, and Creswell David. Research Design : Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. SAGE Publications, Inc. (US). 5th ed. SAGE, 2018.
Kayser, Ina, and Thomas Merz. “Lone Wolves in Distance Learning?” International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning 12, no. 1 (January 2020): 82–94. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJMBL.2020010106.
Khalil, Rehana, Ali E. Mansour, Walaa A. Fadda, Khaled Almisnid, Mohammed Aldamegh, Abdullah Al-Nafeesah, Azzam Alkhalifah, and Osama Al-Wutayd. “The Sudden Transition to Synchronized Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study Exploring Medical Students’ Perspectives.” BMC Medical Education 20, no. 1 (December 28, 2020): 285. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02208-z.
Kim, Jinyoung. “Learning and Teaching Online During Covid-19: Experiences of Student Teachers in an Early Childhood Education Practicum.” International Journal of Early Childhood 52, no. 2 (August 30, 2020): 145–58. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13158-020-00272-6.
Klapproth, Florian, Lisa Federkeil, Franziska Heinschke, and Tanja Jungmann. “Teachers’ Experiences of Stress and Their Coping Strategies during COVID-19 Induced Distance Teaching.” Journal of Pedagogical Research 4, no. 4 (2020): 444–52. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPR.2020062805.
König, Johannes, Daniela J. Jäger-Biela, and Nina Glutsch. “Adapting to Online Teaching during COVID-19 School Closure: Teacher Education and Teacher Competence Effects among Early Career Teachers in Germany.” European Journal of Teacher Education 43, no. 4 (August 7, 2020): 608–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1809650.
Lestiyanawati, Rochyani, and Widyantoro Arif. “Strategies and Problems Face by Indonesian Teachers in Conducting E-Learning System during COVID-19 Outbreak.” Journal of Culture, Literature, Linguistics and English Teaching, 2020, 71–82.
Li, Junling, and Wanyu Che. “Challenges and Coping Strategies of Online Learning for College Students in the Context of COVID-19: A Survey of Chinese Universities.” Sustainable Cities and Society 83 (August 2022): 103958. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.103958.
Lockee, Barbara B. “Online Education in the Post-COVID Era.” Nature Electronics 4, no. 1 (January 25, 2021): 5–6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-020-00534-0.
Mahyoob, Mohammad. “Challenges of E-Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Experienced by EFL Learners.” Arab World English Journal 11, no. 4 (December 15, 2020): 351–62. https://doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol11no4.23.
Malizia, Nicola. “Alcohol Behaviour and Consequences during COVID-19. A Research in Italy on a Sample of University Students.” Research Square, May 5, 2021, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.21203/RS.3.RS-442632/V1.
Matimaire, Kenneth. Digital-Shy Zimbabwe’s Schools Feel the Brunt of COVID-19, 2020. https://africaninternetrights.org/sites/default/files/Kenneth Matimaire-1.pdf.
Muchetu, Robin. “E-Learning and Its Tragedies .” The Herald, June 10, 2020. https://www.herald.co.zw/e-learning-and-its-tragedies/.
Mulenga, Eddie M., and José M. Marbán. “Is COVID-19 the Gateway for Digital Learning in Mathematics Education?” Contemporary Educational Technology 12, no. 2 (April 18, 2020): 269. https://doi.org/10.30935/cedtech/7949.
Sari, Tamer, and Funda Nayır. “Challenges in Distance Education During the (Covid-19) Pandemic Period.” Qualitative Research in Education 9, no. 3 (October 28, 2020): 328. https://doi.org/10.17583/qre.2020.5872.
Singh, Kuldeep, Shival Srivastav, Abhishek Bhardwaj, Abhinav Dixit, and Sanjeev Misra. “Medical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Single Institution Experience.” Indian Pediatrics 57, no. 7 (July 4, 2020): 678–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13312-020-1899-2.
Teräs, Marko, Juha Suoranta, Hanna Teräs, and Mark Curcher. “Post-Covid-19 Education and Education Technology ‘Solutionism’: A Seller’s Market.” Postdigital Science and Education 2, no. 3 (October 13, 2020): 863–78. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00164-x.
Toquero, Cathy Mae. “Challenges and Opportunities for Higher Education amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Philippine Context.” Pedagogical Research 5, no. 4 (April 16, 2020): em0063. https://doi.org/10.29333/pr/7947.
Zinyemba, Lizzy, Kundai Nhongo, and Albert Zinyemba. “COVID-19 Induced Online Learning: The Zimbabwean Experience.” African Journal of Social Work 11, no. 4 (September 29, 2021): 223–30. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajsw/article/view/215261.