The Fruitless Branch and the Eternal Security of the Believer

Anthony Yaw Badu  ORCID iD &  Jonathan E.T. Kuwornu-Adjaottor ORCID iD

Issue: Vol.8  No.2 February 2022 Issue  Article 1 pp.13-21
DOI :  |   Published online 2nd February 2022.
© 2022 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CCBY license (


The quest for the identification of the fruitless branch has been an enduring theological battleground between the Calvinists and the Arminians who argue as to whether or not the removal of the fruitless branch indicates the loss of eternal salvation. Using a qualitative approach, this study sought to examine the various interpretations on the eternal security of the believer with a focus on three phrases in the passage namely; ἐν ἐμοὶ, (in me) and airō (cut off) and μείνατε ἐν ἐμοί (abide in me). Findings show that the analogy of the vine is a critique to the belief of once saved, forever saved because of the use of “in me” and the “cutting off” of the fruitless branch which cannot happen without a prior linkage to the stem of the vine. Since the fruitless branch can only represent one of the various views, it is recommended that fruitfulness should be the key to one’s walk with the Lord to
avoid eternal separation.

Keywords: Eternal, Salvation, Fruitless, Vine

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Anthony Yaw Badu is a graduate of Baylor University, Waco, Texas-USA. He is currently the Head Pastor of Ascension Baptist Church, Kumasi – Ghana and pursuing PhD program at the Department of Religious Studies, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.

Jonathan Edward Tetteh Kuwornu-Adjaottor is an Associate Professor in New Testament and Mother Tongue Biblical Hermeneutics in the Department of Religious Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology – Kumasi Ghana.

Badu, A.Y. & Kuwornu-Adjaottor, J.E.T., “The Fruitless Branch and the Eternal Security of the Believer,” E-Journal of Religious and Theological Studies, 8 no.2 (2022): 13-21 

© 2022 The Author(s). Published and Maintained by Noyam Publishers. This is an open access article under the CCBY license (