Determining Participating Factors in Physical Education/Sporting Activities of the Deaf: A Study of Savelugu School for the Deaf

Shanunu Zakaria, Iddrisu Sulemana, Alhassan Imoro Nuhu

Issue: Vol.1  No.1 May 2020  Article 3 pp.18-28
DOI :   |   Published online 27th August 2020.
© 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CCBY license (


This research examined the determining factors in participating in Physical education/sports activities by the Deaf in Savelugu School for the deaf in the Northern region of Ghana. A survey research design was used for the study. A questionnaire and an observation guide were used to solicit information on the determinants of participating in Physical education/sports by the Deaf in Savelugu School for the Deaf. The questionnaire was administered to one hundred and fifty (150) students. One hundred and twenty-four (124) were retrieved. 91% of the respondents indicated that participating in physical education activities improves on their lifestyles, promotes fundamental motor skills and physical fitness. However, the results indicated that an unsafe environment, family factors, and sports facilities/equipment determined the participation of students in physical activities. The study recommends that adequate modern and modified sports facilities and equipment should be provided to special schools. The Ministry of Education (Special Education Unit) should monitor the allocation of funds and the utilization of physical education programmes. Well trained and qualified physical education professionals must be sent to Deaf schools. The study provides us an opportunity to gain insight into how exposed or porous schools for the Deaf are in Ghana in terms of physical/sports activities.

Keywords: Deaf, Special Education, Disability, Physical activity.

Akinsanmi, T. “The roll of Exercise in promoting Health as perceived by health professionals.” 34-40. Journal of Reseach in Behavioural Sciences 1(2).(2015).

Anamoah Mensah Committee report, 2002

Avoke, M. “Introduction to special education for Universities and Colleges.” 1-5, 79-84. Accra-Ghana: City Publishers, 1997.

Avoke, M. Special Educational Needs in Ghana: Practice and Research. Winneba: SpecialEducation books, city press, 2005.

Babbie, E.R. “Survey Research Methods.” USA, California: SAGE, 2013.

Bailey, S. In Athlete fisrt: a history of the Paralympic movement. London:: Wiley & Sons.

Block, M.E. A Teachers guide to including Students with Physically Challenged in general Physical Education. Baltimore: Paul H. Brooks, 2010.

DePauw, K.P. & Gavron, S.I. “Disabilty and Sports.” London: Champaignll: Human Kinestics, 2011.

Drake, R.F. “The Exclusion of Physically challenged.” Baltimore: Paul H. Brooks, 2014.

Duchan, J.F.& Kovasrsky D. “Diagnosis as cultural practice.” Berlin, Germany: Mouton de-Gruyter, 2015.

Fabunimi, B.Y. “Recreation thruogh Recreation: The real future.” Lagos: Toklas Enterprise, Inc Ajala Ed, 2009

Gill, J. “Sports and the ageing Population: Do older people have a place in driving up participation in sports.” London: SAGE, 2011.

Grace, Y.G. “Education in Ghana and Special Needs Children.” Accra: City press Accra North, 1998.

Heap, M.”Crossing social boundaries and dispersing social identity-Tracing deaf.” Cape Town: University STLL Press Africa, 2013.

Heward, W. I. & Orlansky M.D. Exceptional Children. NY: Mirrill McMillan 4th Ed, 1992.

Humbert, M.I.Chad, K.F. Spink,K.S. Muhajarine, N. Anderson,K.D. Factors that influence Physical activity participation among high and low SES. Lagos: Academy of sports press., 2016.

Hutzler, Y.& Sherrill, C. “Physically Challenged, physical activity, Psychological Well-being and Empowerment.” p281-300. Morgantown: In:Lidor. Fitness Information Center, 2010.

Kathie, S. The moral Imperative of Inclusion: Lessons of Segregation. London: BravelHeart Press., 2011.

Karma, K.J. “Research.” London: Willey & Sons, 2008.

Kothari, C.R. “Research Methodology.” Jalpur-New Delhi – India: New Age Publishers 2nd Ed, 2004.

Kowalski, E.M. “Theinfusion approach to Teacher development.” 49-54. NY: CA: SAGE, 2014.

Kvale, S., & Brinkmann, S. Interviews: Learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.2009

Ladd, P. “Understanding Deaf Culture, in search of deaf hood.” Toronto:: Multilingual Hill press, 2013

Lane, Harlan L., Richard Pillard, and Ulf Hedberg. “The people of the eye:Deaf Ethnicity and Ancestry.” p269. Oxford: Oxford University press, 2011.

Mbaye, K. “Sports and Human rights.” 24. Geneva: Olympic Review.XXVI(24), 2015.

McWilliam, H.O.A. & Kwamena-Poh, M.A. The development of Education in Ghana. London U.K: Longman group Ltd pp41-52, 1975.

Millar, D. F. “Quantitative and Qualitative.” California: SAGE; CA, 1991.

Moschetti,“The Determinants of Sport Participation in Switzerland.”Schweizer ZeitschriftFürSoziologie, 36, (2010): 259-276.

Mshelia, B.S. “Dimensions and politics in Sports, 21stC and sports Develoment in Nigeria.” pp40-54. Abuja: Academy sports press.

Murphy, R. The body silent. New York: Norton Press, 2009.

Ocloo,. “Special Education.” Accra: City press, 2002.

Odejide, Sports as an Essential Ingredient to National Development. Journal of The Nigeria Academy of Sports Administration 1. (2012):34- 40

Ogedengbe, D.O. “Determinants for effective management of school sports in universal Basic Education in Nigeria.” 1-3. Lagos: Sports mgt Press.

Oliver, M. “The politics of Disablement.” Basingstoke: MacMillan, 2014.

Padden, C. A. & Humphries, T.L. “Inside Deaf Culture.” p1. Cambridge, MA: HarvardUniversityPress, 2005.

Prosper, D. & Gyimah, E. Educating the Special individual. Cape Coast: UCC Press, 2002.

Right to Play, Harnessing the power of sports for development.

Rizzo, T.I.Broadhead,G.D & Kowalski, E. “Changing kinesiology and physical Education.” 229-237. Lagos: Quest 49, 2010.

Sallis, J.F. “Environmental Influences on Physical Activity:Apllying Ecological Models.” 22-51. Abuja: Academy press, 2012.

Salman, N.& Naz S. “Motivational factors influencing the participartion of students with hearing impairment in Sports activities.” Journal of contemporary research in Business Vol.3. No12, 2012 April: 481-488.

Savelugu School for the deaf staff records book 2018.

Scott, M.G. “Analysis of human motion.” New York: F.S. Crofts & Co. Inc. 5th Ed., 2005.

Tomchin, S. “Hearing the Needs of the Jewish Deaf-.” NY: Wiley & son Ltd, 2011

Tsai, C.Y. “Travel Constrains and travel behaviours for Physically challenged.” Abuja: J. Sports, 2010

United Nations, Convention on the right of persons with disabilities facts. June 2006. (accessed 2006).

WHO. Designing the road to better Health. Constitution, NY: Hasting center 21, 1948.

WHO, Disability Report.

Shanunu Zakaria is a Senior PE Tutor and an Assessment officer at the Tamale College of Education, Ghana.

Iddrisu Sulemana, PhD is the Principal of Tamale College of Education and Vice President of PRINCOF. Email:

Alhassan Imoro Nuhu, M,Ed is the Vice Principal of Tamale college of Education and a Tutor in the Mathematics Department.

Shanunu, Zakaria, Sulemana, Iddrisu and Nuhu, Alhassan I. “Determining Participating Factors in Physical Education/ Sporting Activities of the Deaf: A Study of Savelugu School for the Deaf.” Journal of Education and Learning Technology 1, no.1 (2020): 18-28.

© 2020 The Author(s). Published and Maintained by Noyam Publishers. This is an open access article under the CCBY license (