The Significance of the Incident of Pentecost in the Book of Acts for Christian Mission Today

Dieudonne Komla Nuekpe

Issue: Vol.3  No.2 July 2022  Article 2 pp. 34-43
DOI : https://doi.org/10.38159/pecanep.2022322  |   Published online 28th July 2022.
© 2022 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CCBY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

211 Downloads

The event of Pentecost in the book of Acts can be viewed as a continuation of the salvation drama initiated by God; it has some connection with the Jewish feast of Shavuot and the work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament. The event is generally understood as the Holy Spirit’s outpouring and has great significance for the Christian mission. By means of the literary qualitative research method, this paper defines the Christian mission and traces the event of Pentecost from the Holy Spirit’s missional work in the Old Testament, emphasizing the significance of the outpouring in Acts for Christian Mission in Evangelism, Leadership, Character Transformation and Cross-cultural mission. Using the church of Pentecost as an example, the paper concludes that the incident of Pentecost is most significant in the growth of Pentecostal Movements. In addition to the Holy Spirit’s work, good education, proper planning and good mission strategies are recommended for effective Christian Mission.

Keywords: Pentecost, Christian Mission, Holy Spirit, Cross-cultural mission.

Bosch, David. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2018.


______. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1996.


Church of Pentecost. “International Missions Office Report, 2017”. Paper presented at the 43rd session of the General Council Meetings, Gomoah Fetteh, PCC, 2018.


______. Ministers’ Hand Book: Core Practice. Accra: Pentecost, 2014.


Dunn, James D. G. Baptism in the Holy Spirit. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1970. Quoted in George Goldman II, “The Contribution of Joel 2-3 to the Restoration of Israel Theme in Acts: Pentecost as Restoration of Israel”. PhD diss., Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, 2002. ProQuest.


Ghana Evangelism Committee. National Church Survey: Facing the Unfinished Task of the Church in Ghana. Accra: Ghana Evangelism Committee, 1989.


Gilliland, Dean S., Pauline Theology and Mission Practice. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1998.


Goheen, Micheal W. Introducing Christian Mission Today: Scripture, History and Issues. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2014.


_____. A Light to The Nations: The Missional Church and The Biblical Story. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2011.


Goldman, George II. “The Contribution of Joel 2-3 to the Restoration of Israel Theme in Acts: Pentecost as Restoration of Israel.” PhD diss., Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, 2002. ProQuest.


Grassi, Joseph A. “The Wedding at Cana: A Pentecostal Meditation”. Brill 14 (Apr. 1972): 131-36. Accessed January 15, 2021. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1560179.


Hanciles, Jehu J. “African Immigrant Churches in America,” in Beyond Christendom: Globalization, African Migration and the Transformation of the West. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2008.


Hollenweger, Walter J. Pentecostalism: Origins and Developments Worldwide. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1997. Quoted in Opoku Onyinah,”The Movement of the Spirit Around the World in Pentecostalism”. Transformation 30, no. 4 (October 2013):273-286.
https://www.jstor.org/10.2307/90008185.


Keener, Craig S. “Power of Pentecost: Luke Missiology in Acts 1- 2”. Asia Journal of Pentecostal Studies 12, no.1 (2009): 47-73.


Kraft, Charles H. Power Encounter in Spiritual Warfare. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2017.


Larbi, Emmanuel Kingsley. “The Nature of Continuity and Discontinuity of Ghanaian Pentecostal Concept of Salvation in African Cosmology.” Cyber Journal for Pentecostal-Charismatic Research 10 (July 2001). Accessed January 11, 2021. http://www.pctii.org/cyberj/cyberj10/larbi.html.


Leonard, Christine. Giant in Ghana. England, WS: Wine, 1989.


Markin, Amos Jimmy. “Spirit and Mission: The Church of Pentecost as a Growing African Pentecostal Denomination.” PhD Diss., South African Theological Seminary, 2018. ProQuest.


McConnell, Douglas C., ed. The Holy Spirit and Mission Dynamics. Evangelical Missiological Society 5. Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1997.


Moore, Mike. “Pentecost and the Plan of God.” Reformed Theological Review 72, no. 3 (Dec. 2013): 172. Accessed January 15, 2021. https://rtr.org.au/index.php/RTR/index.


Onyinah, Opoku. “The Movement of the Spirit Around the World in Pentecostalism.” Transformation 30, no. 4 (October 2013): 273-286. https://www.jstor.org/10.2307/90008185.


______. “Pentecostal Transformation in Africa: The Rise and Growth of The Church of Pentecost.” Pentecostal Journal of Theology and Mission 1, no.1 (2016): 12-35.


Peterson, David. The Acts of the Apostles. PNTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009. Accordance Bible Software.


Peskett, Howard, and Vinoth Ramachandra. “The Message of Mission.” Quoted in M. W. Goheen, A Light to the Nations: The Missional Church and the Biblical Story. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Publishing Group, 2011.


Pocock, Michael. “Missiology and Spiritual Dynamics.” In The Holy Spirit and Mission Dynamics. Evangelical Missiological Society 5, edited by Douglas C. McConnell. Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1997.


Power, John. “Pentecost.” The Furrow 16, no. 6 (June 1965): 328.


Sanneh, Lamin. Translating the Message: The Missionary Impact on Culture. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1989.


Stuart, Douglas. “Hosea–Jonah.” WBC 31. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1988. Accordance Bible Software.


Spittler, Russel P. “Implicit Values in Pentecostal Missions.” Missiology, vol. xvi, no. 4 (October 1998): 413.-24.


Tetteh, Daniel. COP’s Response to Ghana 2021 PHC Report by the GSS – Areas of Opportunity. “The Church of Pentecost Statistics Department report, 2021.” Paper presented at the 17th session of the Extraordinary Council Meetings, Gomoah Fetteh, PCC, 2022.


Vondey, Wolfgang. Pentecostal Theology: Living the Full Gospel. London: Bloomsbury, 2017.


Walls, Andrews. “From Christendom to World Christianity: Mission and Demography Transformation of the Church.” The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 22, no. 3 (2001): 323.


Wilmington, Harold. “The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit (A-M).” The Third Person File 6 (April 2018): 5-6.
Accessed January 9, 2021. https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/third_person/6.


Wright, Christopher J. H. The Mission of God’s People: A Biblical Theology of the Church’s Mission. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2010.


Yong, Amos. Mission After Pentecost: The Witness of the Spirit from Genesis to Revelation. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker 2019.

Dieudonne Komla Nuekpe (PhD) is an Ordained Minister and a National Head of The Church of Pentecost currently in South Korea. He is committed to serving the church through teaching and preaching the Word of God. Dr Nuekpe obtained a diploma in Bilingual Secretaryship (French – English) from the Ghana Institute of Languages, where he also studied the German language to proficiency level. He earned a Bachelor of Arts Honours Degree (BA) from Central University (Ghana) and a Master of Arts Degree in Mission and Theology from Akrofi Christaller Institute of Theology, Mission and Culture. He obtained his Master of Divinity (MDiv) from Torch Trinity Graduate University (Seoul) and a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Intercultural Studies in the same institution. His research interests include Folk Muslims and Evangelism, Christian-Muslim Relations, Pentecostalism and Cross-cultural mission. 

Nuekpe D.K., “The Significance of the Incident of Pentecost in the Book of Acts for Christian Mission Today.” Pentecostalism, Charismaticism and Neo-Prophetic Movements Journal 3, no.2 (2022): 34-43. https://doi.org/10.38159/pecanep.2022322

© 2022 The Author(s). Published and Maintained by Noyam Publishers. This is an open access article under the CCBY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).